The Development of Skating
Part 5
The celebrated speed-skater, A. V. Panschin, attempted to bring the racing skate still nearer to the model of the Jackson Haines skate by rejecting the tube-system and passing the long steel blade direct into the metal sole plate, creating a light, elegant and fast skate, but with the disadvantage that the steel tube was liable to be bent by a strong strike off; moreover, it did not give the stability which the Norwegian with his tube-system possessed. Although 1910 skates with wooden soles were seldom used, an improved system of the old Dutch wooden skate, called Kiompen, was used for racing purposes, and especially for touring over the canals in Holland.
For the latter purpose there are ordinary metal skates of several systems in use, but with lengthened blade and full rounded runner at the toe in order to surmount the more easily small unevenness on the ice. Two more kinds of modern skates have still to be mentioned; the first is known in Germany and elsewhere as the Hockey skate, and is still used in England for figure skating. The blade is short and awkward-looking, and touches the metal foot plates, being attached to them by means of two metal posts or pillars; it is screwed on to the skating boot. This skate, of course, is not suitable in all respects for figure skating, but offers certainly some advantages in the short and often interrupted movements of the game of hockey. The Canadians use a skate for their national game of hockey which presents a much more pleasing appearance, being lighter and much more suitable for the game in every way.
The only other kind of skate which we need mention is what is called the sailing skate, about two feet in length, distinguishing itself from the other systems principally by its enormous length, and also by the fact that it extends principally beyond the heel. Also the blade or runner is quite straight and broader than on the ordinary type of racing skate. As the name implies, it is used for skate-sailing. This skate is used mainly at present in Norway, Sweden and Russia.
During the 1900 to 1910 an innumerable number of new skate models appeared, mostly, however, of very little importance; such are the skates with Holletscheck springs, and the Admiral skate, with runners consisting of three parts, which could be taken to pieces; also the Multiplex, a Dutch skate with removable blades, suitable either for racing or figure-skating. There are many other models, but none of them have ever had a lasting success.
The Devolpment of Skating (Part 6). The Devolpment of Skating Index.