An engraving from The Art of Skating, by Cyclos, 1852
The inside edge backwards from
A System of Figure Skating, 1897
Origins of Skating
The author gets down to the real business of what is a system of figure-skating, by starting on the first position. Here we read:

place your heels together, with the toes inclining outwards; then lift up the left foot, without bending the instep, and put it down again in the same position, with your heel facing the ball of the right foot, at six inches distance; then, with a small force throw your body forwards, bending the left knee a little more than in common walking; at the same , so that you may time you throw yourself forwards, strengthen the right knee press on the inside edge of the skate, and force yourself forwards on the left leg; this method must be observed with both legs, and is called a Stroke.

Later on Jones describes this first position as like that of a fencer which of course it is. It seems rather remarkable other positions or postures should have been written in the middle of the eighteenth century and that in the twentieth century I should have formulated the sixteen possible positions in Modern Figure Skating, published in 1930 never having heard of Robert Jones until I read The Elements of Figure Skating, written by my friend Dr. Ernest Jones. Jones, let me call him the original Jones, must have been an extraordinary man, for his instruction concerning the use of the head and arms they must not be thrown about carelessly in a wild manner, but must co-operate with the legs, might have been written yesterday; as might his remarks on poize on the skate which he likens to walking on the tight rope and how right he is: with the arms serving as a counterpoise.
A precis of Jones book gave us an accurate estimation of the standard reached in the eighteenth century. He deals with the outside edge in this manner the following instruction; which, when put into practice will give satisfaction for the disagreeable time spent in learning the first principles. The italics are mine. We read that continually changing from one method to another, is the reason we see so few arrive at perfection on the outside edge.
He then gives us one general rule which he has never known to fail even with the most awkward. For example on the left foot, put the foot down on the flat, with the knee bent, the head inclined to the left, the right arm held out in line with the shoulder, the left arm close to the side press on the inside edge of the right foot by inclining the body to the left gradually increasing the inclination and turning the head more and more to the left raise the right leg behind, by bending the knee only; which knee must be not more than three or four inches from the left ham, the foot hung in an easy manner, with the toe downward.
Part 6
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