The triple lutz was not accomplished again in international championships until Jan Hoffmann of East Germany won the European and World titles twelve years later. Although Robin Cousins did triple lutzes in practice and used them to disconcert Vladimir Kovalev, USSR, one of his main opponents in the 1980 European Championship, he did not find it necessary to include this jump in his competitive routines. Commentating for BBC television during the 1983 World Championships, Cousins expressed his amazement that more than half the men in that event successfully presented the triple lutz in combination with a double toe loop in the short programme division. It was yet another mark of skating technical progress. Denise Biellmann was the first woman to do a triple lutz, landing this jump in the 1978 European Championship and so impressing the British judge, Pauline Borrajo, that she awarded her a six for technical merit. Although sixes are often given for artistic impression, this was believed to be the first awarded for technical merit to a woman in modern times. Biellmann was not able to repeat the jump until she won the World title in 1981. In 1983 two women attempted the move, Kay Thomson of Canada and Agnes Grosselin of France. The jump appears to present an insurmountable barrier for most women competitors.
Quite often, in error, the skater changes from a back outside edge to a back inside edge before putting his toe rake in the ice for the take-off. This turns the move into another jump called a flip rather than a lutz. Although single and double flips are common, a triple flip is considered extremely hard to execute. Katarina Witt of East Germany, the 1983 European champion, became the first woman to do this move and stay upright. That was accomplished in the 1983 World Championship, but it was not enough to rescue her from her poor school-figures placing and she did not gain a place on the podium. Very few men have executed the triple flip in a World Championship. Even the 1983 titleholder, Scott Hamilton, USA, who had been planning to demonstrate this jump, changed his mind in the air and did the easier double instead. The omission was not enough to cost him his title, however.
The flip is occasionally called a toe salchow since it is a salchow jump in which the toe is used. Named after the Swede, Ulrich Salchow, who won many World titles at the beginning of the century, the salchow is a jump from the back inside edge of the left foot, rotating in a counter clockwise direction, and landing on the back outside edge of the right foot after one, two or three full rotations. The jump is pronounced sal-cow, and skaters often shorten the name to sal as in Have you seen my double sal Cecilia Colledge was the first woman to do a double jump, which was a salchow.
The Singles Competition
Chapter 4
Page 5
The Single Competition (Page 6). The Single Competition Index Page..