When Markham retired, Jones found another partner, Doreen Denny, with whom to claim the top awards. The tragic airplane crash which wiped out the entire US team on its way to the 1961 World Championships and led to the cancellation of the event denied him his fifth World title.
In 1953 Tenley Albright became the first American woman to win a World title. She won it again in 1955 and also won the 1956 Olympic gold medal. After qualifying as a surgeon, she was the first woman invited to become a member of the IOC. Her successor as World and Olympic champion was another American, Carol Heiss, who won the World title five times from 1956 to 1960. She later married Hayes Alan Jenkins, who had proved unbeatable from 1953-6, and whose younger brother, David, was to be equally invincible from 1957-60.
Sjoukje Dijkstra, from Holland, won the silver medal in the 1960 Winter Olympic Games in Squaw Valley and was runner-up to Heiss at the World Championship that year. She was not seriously challenged for the following four years. After winning the Olympic crown in 1964 she joined an ice show at an enormous salary. It was a spectacular achievement for a skater who, as a ten-year-old, had been nearly dismissed as untalented.
Throughout this era keen spectators were at the side of the rink during every competition, filming the proceedings. Learning from their shots, the Soviets were about to begin their climb to the top of the skating world. The first category in which they demonstrated success was the pairs, in which a Moscow husband and wife team, Nina and Stanislav Zhuk, won silver medals at the 1958 and 1959 European Championships. They were supplanted by a couple who were to capture the imagination of television viewers all over the world, Ludmila Belousova and Oleg Protopopov.
The ice flakes spray up as four World champions perform a hockey stop at Richmond ice rink in 1962. Maria and Otto Jelinek, Canada (left), had won the pairs championship in Prague that
year. Don Jackson (right), Canada, had won the mens title with the first triple lutz jump.
Sjoukje Dijkstra (second from right), Holland, was the only one of the four to continue as an amateur, going on to win Olympic gold in 1964