Norbert Schramm executes a butterfly jump
Denise Bielimann demonstrates her spin
Middle: Robin Cousins, practising at the 1978 World Championship, demonstrates a good arabesque position
Bottom: Toiler Cranston of Canada, one of the sport’s most entertaining characters, performs his famous Russian split
The top-level skater combines spins and jumps. Nearly every routine contains a flying camel in which the skater jumps from one foot to the other, briefly taking a position in the air which, when done well, resembles a butterfly to land in an arabesque position and execute a back camel spin. The skater can also land in a back sit spin, in which case the move is known as a death drop. It takes a lot of nerve to execute this move and much practice time is spent wiping ice flakes from the skater's backside. Although protective wear is available, skaters almost never use cushioning. Cousins mother had to use a combination of threats and persuasion to make him wear rubber padding after he had incurred some particularly bad bruises while learning an advanced jump.